Giving, reviewing each task, explaining the production time and quality, etc. are expected.
Authority and responsibility are two sides of the same coin When a home manager expects an employee to do a job, it is necessary to give that employee some authority. There can be no responsibility without authority or authority without responsibility. The right to get work done by others is a right. These rights can be of following types.
(1) Positional authority Every person has a fixed position or position in the organization. This position can be at senior or junior level of management. So the limitation of these rights depends on his location.
(2) Power by knowledge The object of conferring power is to make use of the knowledge of the assistant. Delegators perform tasks from others according to their knowledge and skills.
(3) Personal authority This type of authority confers authority on persons or assistants on the basis of their seniority or popularity.
(4) Statutory Powers A power conferred by statute is called a statutory power. For example, if an employee is asked to work overtime, he has a statutory right to receive gratuity under the law…
Senior officers hand over their work to their assistants, but their responsibility does not end, in fact it increases more than before. His job is to check whether the work of assistants is correct or not. Every officer is responsible to his superior officer for the work assigned to him. But it does not provide its responsibility or liability.
There are certain guidelines for successful empowerment, following which can lead to proper development of the organization. These guidelines are as follows.
(1) Various tasks are divided into officers and employees in the organization. what work someone
Authorization is not complete until it is clear how and when to do it. (2) There should be a definite chain of command in the organization so that there is unanimity of command, mutual relations are created and each individual is committed to his work.
(3) Each officer is vested with certain powers and distributes certain powers among his assistants. Each officer can exercise authority only at his management level.
(4) There should be a balance between the rights and responsibilities assigned by the authority class to the assistants.
(5) An officer should give his assistants as much authority as he expects from them. Otherwise there is a fear of misuse of the powers obtained by the auxiliaries.
The authorization process has the following advantages. (1) No matter how large the field, nature of the business may be, delegation of authority ensures that management works properly.
(2) Officers can easily trust their assistants to carry out various tasks.
Assistants get a chance to work independently. (4) Officer’s workload is lightened and he can focus on other important work.
(5) An atmosphere of cooperation is created in the organization and organization
Continuity is created in the work.
Since empowerment is a subjective process, the success of the process depends on the morale, attitude, organizational policy and environment of the officer. Since basic management is associated with human relations, further difficulties arise in empowerment.
(1) Problems caused by authorities The authorities are generally willing to delegate authority because they accept responsibility for the success of the organization. Self-confidence of executives, willingness to do all the work themselves, distrust of more auxiliary or secondary employees to dominate the organization, new ideas.